Total Articles : 80 - TimeStamp : 23 2017f September 2017   


 



IP Addresses

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An IP (Internet Protocol) address is a distinct identification number, for communication between computer network devices, like computers, printers, fax machines and servers. In simple words, it is like the number of an apartment or a phone number. However, there is one basic exception - It can be reassigned frequently, if you are a residential user, as in the case of dial-up.

There are two kinds of IP addresses: Static and Dynamic. Semi-permanent devices like servers, use static IPs. Internet service providers, use dynamic IP addresses. In this case, the IP address can be assigned based on the number of people logged-in on the network.

The server that receives a request for an address usually allocates them on the basis of a protocol, or in some cases, randomly. The most commonly used protocol is DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol). There are two versions in use, Version 4 and version 6. Each version defines an IP address differently. The odd numbered versions are experimental.

Further, IP addresses are divided in five classes. Class A constitutes nearly 50% of all IP addresses. This class is meant for large networks, like those used by international companies. Class B networks are medium sized, like those used in Universities. Class C networks are commonly used for small companies. A Class D network, which is slightly different from the previous three, is usually used for sending data packets to a special group of registered addresses. Class E is only for experimental applications.

The RIR (Regional Internet Registry) provides the IP addresses. The RIR is based on geographical distribution. The IP addresses can be traced to their user location through RIR. At the same time, it offers protection against hackers that could try and access the user's data. All personal information that is recorded by the ISP (Internet Service Provider) is kept strictly confidential.

The information can be disclosed only if a court order is issued against the user for legal implications. The ISP address can be used to trace the city or state from where the Internet was accesses from. The user can also check the IP address assigned, using the Internet and certain software packages.

ISPs provides detailed information on ISPs, Cheap ISPs, Dsl ISPs, Global ISPs and more. ISPs is affiliated with High Speed Internet Access Providers.

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